Sweat is a salty fluid excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals. Sweating or perspiration or diaphoresis refers to the production of sweat by sweat glands. Sweat contains mainly water, sodium chloride, minute quantities of urea and lactic acid, potassium ions and traces of other minerals such as magnesium, calcium ,copper, iron . Sweating is a biological process used by mammals to keep their body temperature constant. It is noticeable on hot days during physical exertion or in times of emotional stress. However, it can occur during cool weather unnoticed even without strenuous exertion as it evaporates immediately on reaching the skin surface.

Causes Of Sweating

Sweating can result from normal functioning of the body, diseases, intake of drugs and some food.

Physiological Causes

High environmental temperature, physical exercise, fever,menopause and spicy food can normally cause sweating.Also excessive sweating can occur as a result of strong emotions such as anxiety and anger.

Pathological Causes

Sweating may be a symptom of serious illness if it is asssociated with fever,weight loss, shortness of breath or even chest discomfort. Diaphoresis is a major symptom in malaria and tuberculosis. In many infections, it is always accompanied by fever and tiredness.Malignant diseases such as leukemia can also can also cause sweating.However, it may suggest a condition known as pneumothorax if it is associated with splinting of the chest wall. Low blood sugar may cause diaphoresis in diabetics who depend on oral medication or insulin shots. Mercury poisoning can trigger profuse sweating especially in children or adult undergoing treatment with mercury. Also, it may result from abnormal conditions such as shock and hyperthyroidism (increased metabolic rate).

Drugs

Drugs such as morphine, caffeine, antidepressant as well as alcohol can cause sweating. However, withdrawal from narcotic pain killer or alcohol can cause sweating.

Foods

Spices such as onions and garlic as well as food containing caffeine can cause sweating.

Fabrics

Clothings made of nylon and polyester can retain heat, thus triggering diaphoresis unlike those made from silk, cotton and linen.

 Hyperhidrosis

This is a condition in which the body’s mechanism of maintaining its temperature is overactive. Thus, it causes excessive sweating. It is obvious as it affects the hands, feet,armpits as well as the face. This condition can lead to physiological and emotional problems as it is always embarrasing to the sufferers.

Sweat Stain

Perspiration is a means of cooling the body temperature in mammals. However, it can result in undesirable effect in humans. It is embarrasing for others to see the sweat stains under our armpit or around our collar but the presence of odor is even worse. The odor which results from excessive sweating is perceived when bacteria and yeast from the normal body flora reacts with the moist skin and clothing.

Antiperspirant and deodorant can be used to prevent the odor and reduce wetness due to sweating. These chemicals react with the moist fabric and become embedded in it after sometime. Also, the minerals present nin the sweat are left behind after the liquid evaporates, forming stains on the clothing.

Sweat Stain Remover

Sweat stains causes discolorations especially under the armpit and around the collar. These stains cannot be removed by chlorine bleach. RAISE bonds to these stains, turning them into a salt so that they can be easily lifted away in your laundry.